Chefs d'oeuvre of Applied Arts of Hungarian Origin in Foreign Collections
In the course of the 19th and 20th century numerous decorative art objects of outstanding significance of private aristocratic collections were removed from Hungary to other foreign countries. Most of these objects were auctioned by their original owners while another part was taken to the Soviet Union as trophies by the Red Army in 1945. Thus the masterpieces of applied art related to Hungary both dispersed to the West and to the East, and they are owned by several public and private collections around the world. The &8216;migration\' of the artworks is considered to be a natural phenomenon among art collectors and owners, however, the preservation and aggregation of artworks is a dominant principle both in public and private collections. It is highly valid for public collections whose mission - as\' memory institutions\' - is to preserve and display the artefacts of the past and maintain the historical memory manifested in them. Therefore, the Museum of Applied Arts as part of the Hungarian national heritage considers it an important role to keep count of and showcase even those applied art artefacts related to Hungary that were carried abroad and form part of the Hungarian applied art and art collecting history. The possibility to display these objects in a virtual exhibition can be due to the circumstance that the Museum of Applied Arts owns archive photographs about those works of art that were exhibited in the Museum before carried abroad. Moreover, several such artefacts were documented around 1940 by the Archive. The documentation was compiled by Elemér Kőszeghy (1882-1945), the Museum\'s director of the time, whose aim was to survey the most distinguished private collections in Hungary.